Is the Nutritional Content of Expressed Breast Milk Influenced by the Food Ingested One Hour prior to Pumping?

This study involves testing the breast milk of mothers of preterm babies to see if the nutritional content of food changes the nutritional content of the milk. It is being done to help us understand if changes in the mother’s diet can improve the nutrition of breastfeeding preterm babies.

Who is in Charge of This Research?

The doctor in charge of this research is Raylene Phillips, MD.

How Can You be Involved?

You may be eligible to participate in this study if you meet all of the following criteria:

  • You are 18 years of age or older
  • Your baby is a patient in the Loma Linda University Children's Hospital Neonatal Intensive Care Unit (NICU)
  • Your baby is between 2 and 5 days of age
  • You are using a breast pump every 3 to 4 hours and providing enough breast milk for your baby
  • You are no allergic to almonds

If you participate, we will ask you to express milk with a breast pump before and then shortly after eating a snack. The milk will be analyzed for nutritional content.  We will also ask for permission to collect information from your and your baby’s medical records.

Who Should You Contact if You Would Like for Information?

Please contact Julie West, MD, at, for more information. Please note that research personnel do not provide medical advice unless he/she is also your health care provider.  If you have questions or concerns about your pregnancy, medical condition or health care, please contact your primary health care provider.